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Autumn festivals

03-06 18:12:19 | www.jiaoxue51.com | 初二英语教案 | 人气:647

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教学目标

  1.要求学生掌握本课所授的单词和词组:come over ,in the open air, Are you free tomorrow ?get together ,on Mid-autumn day ,good evening等。

  2.要求学生掌握形容词比较级的基本形式和用法并能用形容词的比较级根据具体情境口头和笔头造简单的句子.

  3.要求学生能用自己组织的语言,向其他学生介绍中秋节的有关习俗并能掌握有关邀请方面的交际用语。Would you like… I would like … Are you free?

  4.要求学生能自己读懂课文并判断出生词大意,并能回答问题。

  5.要求学生能根据线索词对课文进行复述

  6.要求学生掌握以下句型:
  (1)主语 +be +形容词的比较级+than+其它
  (2)主语 +be +the +形容 词的最高级+of, in +范围

教学建议

教材分析

  本单元谈论的是“Autumn festivals”的有关情况,重点是形容词的比较级和最高级。主要是围绕介绍中秋节的有关习俗展开教学,贯穿着形容词的比较级和最高级的用法,并学习了介绍节日和邀请方面的交际用语。通过练习,学习了如何将形容词变成比较级和最高级形式以及变成比较级后的发音,两个形容词比较级和最高级的简单句型。本单元还讲述了几个重点词组的使用。

教学重难点
  教学重点:The. Words and phrase, the structures, the comparative and superlative degrees of adjectives 

  教学难点:the comparative and superlative degrees of adjectives,中秋节和感恩节的有关习俗及就餐时的日常交际用语。

关于形容词的比较等级的教学
 1.形容词的比较级和最高级形式
  教师准备几组实物,如篮球一个,足球一个,乒乓球一个,还要不同尺寸三把尺子或三张某人不同年龄的相片等物。
 

比较每组实物,教学一些形容词的比较级和最高级,如:big-bigger-biggest, old-older-oldest, young-younger-youngest, long-longer-longest等。

 2.实物教学, 教师利用上面的实物,运用形容词比较等级的句型对物品进行描述。(1)主语 +be +形容 词的比较级+than+其它;(2)主语 +be +the +形容 词的最高级+of, in +范围,例如:
  (1)I have three rulers .One is white the other is yellow. The third one is green .The white one is longer than the yellow one. The green one is the longest of all. Which one do you like best ?
  (2)I like basketball; football and ping-pong .The football is bigger than the ping-pong .the basketball is bigger than the football, so the basketball is the biggest of the three.
  (3)There are three pictures of my brother at different ages .look at the first one ,he is five years .he is young .Now ,look at the second one ,he is older than the first one, he is ten .  This is third picture. He is the oldest of three, because he is twenty years old。描述后,要求学生把内容写下来。
  教师也可以就学生常用的学习用品进行形容词比较等级的用法教学。教师问which book is big? Which book is bigger? Which one would you like? 然后教师再出示第三个实物说xiaoming’s is big .My book is bigger than xiaoming’s. This book is bigger than mine .so this book is the biggest.

 3.编写一个有关购物的小对话。教师把实物放到讲台上让学生向其他学生出售。要求学生在比较商品时用到形容词的比较级和最高级形式。

 4.教师出示一些物体图片组或让学生就自己拥有的实物,用形容词的比较等级进行口头和笔头练习。如:

  Li Lei: My bag is heavier than you.
  Tom: Yes, but mine is heavier than Wei Hua’s
  Li Lei: Oh, mine is the heaviest of us three.
  …      …

关于Mid-autumn Festival and Thanksgiving 的比较教学

  1.教师教学Lesson 10的 e-mail可以在教学Lesson 10的 e-mail后,完成此表格的填写,总结概括e-mail全文。

Holiday

Mid –autumn-day

Date

In September or October

Special foot

Moon cake

Activities

Get together, have dinner, talk about the family and tell the story about chang e

  完成此表后,学生可以根据线索词对课文进行复述。

  2.教师可以在学生将Lesson 12对话练习熟练后,将有关感恩节的有关习俗也总结下来并和第十课的表相比较。然后让学生根据表格编写一段文字介绍两个节日。

Holiday

Mid –autumn-day

Thanksgiving

Date

In September or October

Autumn

Special food

Moon cake

Turkey, pumpkin

Activities

Get together, have dinner, talk about the family and tell the story about chang e

Get together, have a big dinner to celebrate the harvest

情感教学
  通过教学使学生了解本国的风土人情。
  通过教学让学生认识到人与人之间的感情和亲情的重要,从而珍惜友情。

Would you like…?
  “Would you like…?”用于表示“建议”或“请求”的场合,是一个常用的礼貌用语,使用应注意以下六点:
    一、“Would you like…?”后接名词、代词或不定式短语。例如:
  1.       Would you and Lily like to come over to my home for Mid-Autumn Day?
   你和莉丽愿意到我家度中秋节吗?
  2.       Would you like a mooncake? 你想吃月饼吗?

     二、“Would you like…?”虽是疑问结构,但表示的是“建议”或者“请求”为此表示“一些”这个意义时常用some,而不用any。例如:

www.jiaoxue51.com  1. Would you like some apples? 你想吃苹果吗?
  2. Would you like to buy some cakes? 你想买几块蛋糕吗?

  三、“Would you like…?”表示“建议别人吃(喝)点东西”时,常用have 代替eat或drink. 例如:
  1. Would you like to have a cup of tea? 你想喝杯茶吗?
  2. Would you like to have some bread? 你想吃一些面包吗?

  四、“Would you like…?”可用“Will you please?”代替。如要表示更委婉、更礼貌的语气时,也可用“Would you please…?”代替。但注意“Would (Would )you please…?”后接动词原形。例如:
  Would you like to go out for a walk with me? = Will (Would ) you please go out for a walk me? (请)你和我一起出去散步好吗?

  五、“Would you like…?”与like含义不同。like表示“喜欢”,后接不定式短语或名词、动词;而would like是固定搭配,表示“希望、愿意”,后面跟动词时只能跟不定式短语。试比较:
  1.       Would you like to swim today? 你今天想去游泳吗?
  2.  Do you like to swim today? 你今天喜欢游泳吗?

  六、“Would you like…?”的肯定答语多用 “Yes, I’d love to.” 或 “Yes, I’d like to.” 这里的to不可省略,它代替动词不定式;否定答语常用 “Sorry, I’m afraid…”. 例如:
  1. —Would you like to go fishing with us? 你愿意和我们一起去钓鱼吗?
    —Yes, I’d love to. 行,我乐意。
  2. —Would you like to come with me? 请你与我一道来好吗?
    — Sorry, I’m afraid I can’t (wouldn’t). 对不起,恐怕不行。

关于with 短语的用法分析
  They are small round cakes with meat, eggs, nuts or something sweet inside. 它们是一些有小又圆的蛋糕。里面有肉,鸡蛋,坚果或一些甜的东西。
  with 在句中表示带有,含有,后面跟复合宾语说明附带情况。With …inside 是对cake的补充说明,作定语。 with+ n.或pron.结构常常在句中做定语,放在被修饰的词后。例如:
  Tom with a book in his hand was very worried. His bag was lost. Look! There is a bag with some paper in side,it may be Tom’s.  汤姆手里拿一本书,看上去很着急。他的书丢了。看,这有个书包里边有一些纸可能是汤姆的书包。

关于句子The moon looks rounder and brighter的分析
  The moon looks rounder and brighter.月亮看上去亮越来越圆。
  look +adj.看起来……,如:
  You look very tired today. What happened?
  形容词比较级+形容词比较级意为越来越……,例如:
  Xiao Ming becomes taller and taller. His sweater becomes smaller and smaller.

关于taste用作系表结构的用法分析
  They taste a little like our pies.它们尝起来有点象我们的pie的味道。
  taste在句中做连系动词。译做“尝起来象”。“主语+连系动词+形容词或名词”构成主系表结构。taste也做实意动词译做尝。这样的词有很多如 look, become,feel,sound 等。a little 在句中是副词,修饰taste. 例如:
  You look like your father. 你看起来像你的父亲。
  the apple tastes delicious.苹果尝起来很香
  I feel lonely last night 昨夜我觉得很寂寞。
  “taste like” 中的like看作一个介词。 “taste like”意为“尝起来像……”,又如:
  The wine tastes like water.这种酒喝起来像水一样。
  What does it taste like?它味道如何?

辨析on/in
  on, in 两者在表达时间时都是在……的意思。但是用法不同。On 表示在具体的某一天时间如在星期几,在节日。另外在具体的某天的上下午也用 on
  例如on Sunday ,I often play football with my friends. We don’t have to go to school on Labor Day. On yesterdays afternoon I have nothing to do
  而in 表示的时间范围比较大.另外它后面可以加一个时间段,表示这段时间之内比如:In 1999,I begin to study English .I will become a teacher in September this year.
  we want to go to school in ten minutes


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