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Detective stories

12-08 20:42:33 | www.jiaoxue51.com | 初三英语教案 | 人气:954

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 Detective stories

Write a detective story for a writing competition at your school.

Tasks:

1. Use reported speech to talk about what someone else said. 用间接引语谈论其他人说的话。

2. Use reported speech to report questions. 用间接引语来转述问题。

3. Use appropriate language to talk about crimes, suspects, innocence and guilt. 用恰当的语言来谈论罪行、嫌疑犯、无辜和有罪。

4. Write a detective story for a writing competition at your school.

二. 重点、难点:

Grammar B

B: Reported speech with tense changes. 改变时态的间接引语。

(一)我们由直接引语改为间接引语时,也就是用自己的语言来转述别人的话时,时态作如下改变:

(直接引语) (间接引语)

1、一般现在时 改为 一般过去时

The witness said “I’m scared.”

The witness said (that) he was scared.

2、现在进行时 改为 过去进行时

“I’m doing my homework,” said she.

She said (that) she was doing her homework.

3、现在完成时 改为 过去完成时

Tom said, “I’ve received the letter.”

Tom said (that) he had received the letter.

4、一般过去时 改为 过去完成时

“I didn’t see the cat,” said he.

He said (that) he hadn’t seen the cat.

5、一般将来时 改为 过去将来时 (would + v.)

“We’ll look for more clues,” said Detective Lu.

Detective Lu said (that) they would look for more clues.

(二)由直接引语改为间接引语时,时间副词作如下改变:

直接引语 间接引语

today that day

tonight that night

this morning / week that morning / week

tomorrow the next / following day

yesterday the day before

last week the last week

now then

two days ago two days before

e.g. “I was in another place at that time yesterday,” the suspect said.

The suspect said that he had been in another place at that time the day before.

(三)特殊疑问句改为间接引语时,①要把问号改为句号;②要把疑问句的顺序改为陈述句的顺序。

“Why are you late?” the teacher asked him.

The teacher asked him why he was late.

“How many crimes have you solved?” the interviewer asked Detective Lu.

The interviewer asked Detective Lu how many crimes he had solved.

(四)一般疑问句改为间接引语时,①要把问号改为句号;②要在间接引语前加if / whether;③要把疑问句改为陈述句。

“Can you finish it in time?” my mother asked.

My mother asked if/whether I could finish it in time.

“Does he know the victim?” I asked

I asked if/ whether he knew the victim.

Integrated skills

1、A child has been kidnapped. 一个孩子被绑架了。

has been kidnapped 现在完成时的被动语态

e.g. A new bridge has been built already.

2、He was wearing a red T-shirt, blue shorts and a brown jacket.

他穿着一件红色的T恤衫,蓝色的短裤和一件棕色的茄克。

short 在这里是名词:短裤

3、Well, what did you think of our first suspect, Wang Gang?

你认为第一个嫌疑人王刚怎么样?

这个句子用过去式主要是指“你经过调查之后的感觉”。

4、He seemed a nice man. 他好像是个好人。

seem 似乎、好像,后面可以直接跟表语,也可以用动词不定式作表语。所以上句也可以写成: He seemed (to be) a nice man.

e.g. You seem right = You seem to be right

Main Task

1、Tom planned to take the necklace to the police station the next day.

Tom计划第二天把项链拿到警察局去。

the next day 第二天,常用于过去时或过去将来时的句子中。

e.g. He said he would come to see me the next day.

2、Tom and the jewel thief Tom和珠宝小偷

jewel n. 珠宝,珍贵的人或物

jewellery n. 珠宝饰品,首饰

jeweler n. 珠宝商

3、Tom got along with all of his neighbours except the man who lived next door.

除了隔壁住的那个人以外,Tom和他所有的邻居相处得好。

get along / on with sb. 和……相处

e.g. How are you getting along with your classmates? Well.

except 介词,除……之外

e.g. We go to school every day except Sunday.

4、No one knew what he did for a living.

没有人知道他以什么谋生。

for a living 为了生存

e.g. She sells books for a living. 她以卖书谋生/为生

5、You’re under arrest for murder. (P110) 因为谋杀,你被逮捕了。

arrest 在这里是名词

be under arrest 被逮捕

Checkout

1、Detective Lu said the computer programmer’s boss was guilty of the crime.

卢侦探说,电脑程序员的老板有罪

be guilty of the crime 有罪

2、Was the man with blood on his shirt involved in the crime?

衬衫上有血迹的男子与这起犯罪行为有牵连吗?

with “带有”

e.g. The teacher came in with a book in his hand.

be involved in 卷入、牵涉

e.g. She was involved in this trouble. 她被卷入这场麻烦之中。

【模拟试题】(答题时间:45分钟)

一、根据所给首字母填空:

1. They a ______ him with a gun because he was guilty.

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