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Australia

03-06 19:01:15 | www.jiaoxue51.com | 高二英语教案 | 人气:120

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教学目标

1.Words & expressions
  Camp, ash(tray), dirt, valley, beyond, cave, thirst, sunburnt, system, spiritual, faith, elder, curiously, underground, starve, thus, percentage, precious, fence, task, outdoors, shave, argue;
Bonny, Italy, Italian, Kooris, aborigines, koala, dingo
Fix up, hand down, rather than, give birth to, round up, be experienced at,
  2. Daily English
  1) Be careful!2) Look out!3) Take care 4) Dont do... 5) You mustnt do...
  3. Grammar: The -ing forms as object complement and adverbial
II. Teaching aims in developing competence
To develop the abilities of listening, speaking, reading, and writing abilities.
  1. To develop the ability of communication.
  2. To develop the ability of expressing prohibition and warnings.
  3. To develop the ability of using -ing Form as object complement and adverbial.
  4. To develop the practical skills of using English, especially in talking about a country.
III. Teaching aims in moral education
  1. Learn to care for others and the collective, help each other, and defend students themselves.
  2. Arouse students consciousness of protecting the animals and plants and the environments.
  3. Develop the spirit of love of the motherland

教学建议

教学教法:
Lesson 9 Dialogue
The main purpose of this unit is to train students listening and speaking ability. Through learning the way of expressing prohibition and warnings the students are enabled to use the expressions of reminding people in daily life and develop the spirit of care for people and help each other and also through learning about the content of the dialogue students are reminded of protecting the nature.
Teaching key points
1. Input the dialogue as a whole and make the students grasp the dialogue. At the same time
students can make similar dialogue related to the daily life, reminding them of the importance of protecting the nature.
2. After the understanding of the reading materials about Australia, help students to talk about China, their motherland, using what they have learned in the texts, showing students love of our country.
Teaching special difficulties
1. The understanding of the use -ing Form and the use of it.
2. Making prohibition and warnings and giving replies.
Teaching methods
The Social Communicative Method
The Information communicative style
Teaching aids
Blackboard; computer; OHP(overhead projector); tape recorder; related pictures of this unit
词语辨析:
1.keep out, keep away, keep off
keep out ( 可以分开)表示“不使……入内;把……留在外面”。如:
Shut the windows and keep the cold out.
Danger! Keep out! 危险!切勿入内!
keep away(可分开,后接from)表示“使……不靠近”。如:
Keep away from me. I’ve got a bad cold.
Parents should keep their small children away from rivers.
keep off (可分开)表示“使……离开;从……离开”
They made a big fire to keep wild animals off.
Keep off the grass. 请勿践踏草地。
2.suit, suitable 和fit的用法区别
1) suitable 的动词形式是suit, 与动词fit都有“合适”之意,但也有区别。以衣服为例,fit是指大小尺寸合适,而suit则是表示衣服穿着很好看,包括款式和花式都合适。如:
2) (1)Do you think this style suits me? 你觉得这种款式适合我穿吗?
  (2)These shoes don’t fit me—have you got a larger size?
这鞋我穿着不合适——你们有大一点的吗?
  (3)It doesnt suit you to have your hair cut short.你头发剪短了不好看。
  (4)The seven oclock train will suit us very well.七点钟的火车对我们正合适。
3)形容词suitable后可接for sth.和to sb. 。如:
  (1)I dont think I should be suitable for the post.我认为自己不适合这个职位。
  (2)The work was not suitable to me. 那工作不适合我。
4) 形容词fit后只能接介词for,且句子主语多用人表示。
  (1)The new manager isn’t fit for his position.新经理不胜任他的职务。
  (2)would be months before he was fit for work.要过几个月他才能适合工作。
  (3)My sister is just fit for a job as teacher.我妹妹正适合教师这一工作。
  (4)The prime minister was a wise, honest man who was more fit for his office anyone else.
  首相是个聪明、诚实的人,比任何人都称职。
3.live by与live on的用法区别
live by 意为“以……为生”,by后接动名词,表示方式;live on 也作“以……为主”解释,但on后接名词,表示主语主要吃什么,即主食是什么或表示主语的收入。如:
  (1)They lived by fishing and hunting. 他们靠海猎为生。
  (2)The six Indian blind men lived by begging.这六个印度盲人靠乞讨为生。
  (3)People in the south live on rice.南方人以大米为主食。
  (4)They lived on a small income. 他们靠微薄的收入维持生活。
4.take place与 happen的用法
  固定词组take place意为发生,举行,多指举行活动,发生某事(可指发生好事或不好的事),happen多指发生意外事故,不幸的事。如:
  (1)The opening of the play will take place tomorrow night. 剧的首演式将于明晚举行。(take place不能用happen代换)

www.jiaoxue51.com  (2)The accident took place only a block from my home. 事故发生地离我家只一个街区。(took place 可以用happened代换)

▲动词happen以及词组take place, break out 等只能用作不及物动词,不能用被动语态形式。如:
  (1)The car accident happened last week. 交通事故发生在上星期。(不能说:The car accident was happened last week.)
  (2) The war broke out in October. 战争于10月份爆发。(不能说:The war was broken out in October.)
  注意:词组take sb.’s place 或take the place of sb. / sth. 意为代替某人,某物,不可与take place混淆。如:
  (1)My brother is ill, and I’ve come to take his place.我兄弟生病了,所以我来代替他。
  (2)Plastics have taken the place of many old materials.塑料已经取代许多旧材料。
5.比较的修饰及倍数的表达方法
形容词或副词比较级前,加上某个状语成分,会使比较意义有所增强。例如:
  (1)This book is three times larger than that one.这本书比那本书大三倍。
  (2)They produced 15 % more rice last year than they did in 1990.
  去年他们的水稻产量比1990年的产量增加了百分之十五。
注意:以上可归纳为句型:“A is … times + adj. / adv. (比较级)+ than B.”
  另外这一句型还可转化为句型“A is … times as + adj. / (原级)+as B.”例如:
  (1)At least, the train runs 6 times as fast as the boat.
火车的速度至少为小船速度的六倍。
  (2)After the experiment, the plant is four times as tall as it was before.
  在实验以后,这种植物为过去高度的四倍。

Grammar教学建议
Before class ask Ss to sum up the use of –ing Form and in class the teacher may have a contest among Ss who have been divided into two or several groups to see which group has done the job best. In this way Ss will usually have a good preparation of their work and will be willing to do what seems boring to them, which is the necessity to learn well. The teacher may add what has been left out and have a summary. After that, enough exercises are needed to help Ss to use, understand, remember and master what they have learned. Only through the use of the language can Ss really get what they are required to get.
Grammar-- -ing Form
Revising the use of –ing forms of the verbs and make Ss grasp the use of it.

I. v+ing 的句法功能:
1.作主语。可直接作主语, 表示一般抽象概念时,可以与不定式互换,但在句型“It is no use/good”等候一般用动名词。
e.g. It is no good smoking too much.
   Seeing is believing.
2. 作宾语。有些动词可以直接跟v.-ing作宾语,
如:mind, miss, enjoy, escape, prevent, practice, postpone, suffer, suggest, keep(on), avoid, admit, bear, deny, advise, delay, risk, resist, finish, fancy, excuse, imagine, consider, can’t help,
下列 “vi.+介词或副词” 构成的短语动词,后接v.-ing作宾语。
succeed in, approve of, persevere in, inquire of, persist in, complain of, insist on, aim at, benefit from, burst out, can not help, be busy (in), be on the point of, feel like, guard against, give up, go on , keep on, leave off, put off , be used to, object to, be accustomed to, refer to, be opposed to, stick to, be dedicated to, be devoted to ,look forward to, turn to, come near to, devote oneself to, due to, pay attention to, be faithful to ,be equal to, be familiar to, be sentenced to…
e.g. We enjoy learning English.
He insisted on seeing the exhibition.
I am looking forward to seeing you.
The mayor considered building a new town-hall.
3. 作表语。作表语表示主语的内容或表示状态,说明主语的特点( 这是主语是v.-ing形式的执行者)。
e.g. Our aim is studying English well.
   His speech is very exciting.
4. 作定语。 表示主动,相当于一个定语从句, 表示动作在进行;或说明用途或作用。(单个一词作定语,须放在所修饰词的前面;短语作定语须放在所修饰词的后面)
e.g. The lady talking (who is talking) with him is a doctor.
   Will the swimming pool be open?
The man walking by the lake is a scientist.
5. 作补语。作宾语有两个特征:一是宾语与 v.– ing 有主谓关系,且宾语是v+ing动作的执行者;二是v.+-ing形式所表示的动作正在进行。
e.g. We heard the boy crying there.
   You can see them performing every night.
When I entered the room, I found him listening to the radio.
跟 v+ing 作补语的词常是感官动词和使役动词,如notice, see, hear, watch, get, feel, have, find, keep, observe, look at, listen to, smell etc.
6. 作状语。常作表示原因、时间、结果、条件、让步、伴随或方式状语。其逻辑主语是句子的主语且句子的主语是动作的发出者。
e.g. Being blind, how could they see an elephant?
   He sat at the desk reading a book.
   Seeing from the hill, we find the city beautiful.
II. NOTES
V+ing 形式一般式和完成式,有主动语态和被动语态,共四种形式,以tell为例
  asking      being asked
  having asked   having been asked
一般式表示与谓语动作同时(或在其后)发生;进行式表示发生在谓语动作之前。
e.g. He is proud of being learned. (He is proud that he is learned.)
   I am sure of John’s coming in time. (I am sure that John will come in time.)
   I am sure of his having been elected. ( I am that he has been elected.)

www.jiaoxue51.comV+ing 的否定形式是在V+ing前加 not.
e.g. What is troubling them is their not having enough knowledge about computer.
   Not taking any biscuits that morning, we had nothing to eat later.
有些动词接不定式和V+ing,意思基本一样。如begin, start, continue, plan, can’t bear, like, love, hate, prefer, intend…
e.g. Let’s continue to study/ studying law. (让我们继续学习法律。)
但,有些表示系恶的动词,如like, love, hate, prefer, intend …,接v+ing 表示一般的喜恶,接不定式表示特别的情况。
e.g. I don’t like going to the theatre alone.(一般情况)
   I’d like to go to the theatre if you with me.(特殊)
下列动词或短语,need, want, require, bear, demand, be worth… 接v+ing 的主动形式,表示被动意义, 与接不定式的被动形式意义大致相同。
e.g. This problem needs looking into. (This problem needs to be looked into. )
   This book is worth reading twice. (This book is worth to be read twice.)
在下列动词或短语后,如,stop, remember, forget, regret, try, mean, go on, go afraid…
可以接v+ing 也可以接不定式,但意义不同。
e.g. I remember to fill out the form.(我记得要填表。)(表示动作尚未发生。)
   I remember filling out the form.(我记得一天表了。)(表示动作已经发生了。)
   I stopped to eat. (我停下别的事,来吃饭。)(停止手中事去做另一件事。)
   I stopped eating. (我停止吃饭。)(停止正做的事。)
   I regret to say I can’t stay here any longer. (我很抱歉的说我不能在此久留。)(表示动作尚未发生。)
   I regret leaving/having left you. (我后悔离开了你。)(表示动作已经发生了。)
   He tried to write better. (我力图把字写得好些。)(设法, 努力去做,尽力。。。)
   He tried knocking at the back door. (他试着悄悄后门。)(试试去做<看看有何结果>)
   I should like to be rich. (but I am poor.) (我很想富有。(但我很穷))
   I like being rich. (I am rich.) (我喜欢富有。 (我已富有))
   I forget to bring my umbrella. (我忘记带伞了。)(表示动作尚未发生。)
   I will never forget seeing you. (我永远不会忘记见到你的情景。)(表示动作已经发生了。)
   I meant to call on him. (我想去看望他。)(打算做。。。)
   This means wasting time. ( 这就意味着浪费时间。)(意味着; 也就是。。。)
   Having washed the clothes, I went on to sweep the floor. (我洗衣服接着就扫地。)(干完一件事,接着干另一件事。)
  They went on doing their work after a short rest. (他们休息一会儿,又继续干活了。)(一直做同一件事。)
  The enemy was afraid to come after us. (敌人不敢追我们。)(不敢去做一件事。)
  She was afraid of making mistakes. (她怕犯错误。) (害怕某一结果。)
补充常用v+ing 的句型。
1.go+doing 的结构,表示“去干某事”的意思,多指从事与体育、娱乐有关的活动。例如:
  go fishing 去钓鱼 go hunting去打猎 go riding 去骑马
  go shopping 去购物 go dancing 去跳舞 go climbing去爬山
  go boating 去划船 go climbing 去爬山 go shooting 去射击
  go farming 去务农 go teaching从教 go nursing 当护士
  go soldiering 当兵 go nutting 采坚果
2.There is no + v+ing 表示“是不可能的”
e.g. There is no knowing how old shi is.
   = It is impossible to know how old she is.
   = We don’t know how old she is.
3. on + v+ing 表示“一。。。就。。。”
e.g. On hearing this news, I changed my plan.
4. have difficulty, trouble, a problem, a hard/good time,(等表示情感的词) +(in)+v+ing.表示“。。。有困难(麻烦。。。)”
e.g. We have difficulty (in) solving the problem.
5. keep, stop, restrain, hold + Sb. / Sth.+ from + v+ing… 表示“阻止某人/某物做谋事”
e.g. Nothing can stop me from going to school.
V+ing 在句中作宾语 、表语或主语时,如果它的逻辑主语和句子的主语不一样时,要有自己的逻辑主语。用“物主代词、名词所有格、名词通格、代词宾格”在 v+ing 前面表示逻辑主语。作宾语和表语时,常用物主代词、所有格、通格、宾格;作主语时,常用所有格和物主代词。
e.g. Their coming to help us was a great encouragement to us.
   Does he object to Xiao Ming’s joining the amateur drama group?
   I don’t like my sister’s going to such a place. (=I don’t    like my sister going to such a place.)
   Please excuse my/me troubling you with my problems.
独立主格结构(Absolute Construction)
状语有时可以由一名或代词和另一个成分构成的复合结构担任,称为独立结构。常见的复合结构有下面几类:
1) 名词或代词+分词
e.g. He lay on his back, his hands crossed under his head.
  The storm having destroyed their small room, they had to live in a cave.
2)名词或代词+形容词
e.g. He entered the room, his nose red with cold.
3)名词或代词+副词
e.g. he put on his socks wrong side out.
4)名词或代词+不定式
e.g. Here are the first two volumes, the third one to cone out next month.
5)名词或代词+介词短语
e.g. The two soldiers went up the mountain, gun in hand


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