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下学期 Unit26 Mainly revision

03-06 18:57:05 | www.jiaoxue51.com | 高一英语教案 | 人气:370

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教学目标

  一、教学目标与要求

  通过本单元复习,使学生熟悉在本册书中所出现的语法项目和日常交际用语。通过对课文的学习,了解鲍勃·盖尔多夫及世界上一些地区贫富悬殊的情况。

  二、教学重点与难点

  1.重点词汇 live (adj. ); realize; persuade; provide; Sail; turn down; call back; Ring off; start doing something; come to

  2.重要句型 1) His greatest success has not been in singing but in organizing other singers to sing for him-for free 12) He persuaded all the world-famous pop stars to come and sing at one of these concerts for free. 3) By the end of the year, the total money collected had come to over 92 million dollars, all of which were sent to Africa.

  3.语法复习第21至25单元出现过的语法项目。

  4.日常交际用语复习第21至25单元出现过的日常交际用语项目。

教学建议

  课文分析

  本单元的话题是通过介绍爱尔兰一位流行歌星鲍勃·盖尔多夫组织赈灾活动的动人事迹,充分表现了“爱的奉献”精神,让学生充分认识到扶贫济困的重要意义。结构如下:

  Part 1( Paragraph 1) Bob Geldlf is one of the most famous pop stars of the twentieth century.

  Part 2 (Paragraph 2) General introduction to Bob Geldof’s personal Life and singing

  Part 3

  ( Paragraphs 3~5 ) Bob Geldolf made the record Do they know it’s Christmas with other pop stars to collect money for hungry people in Africa.

  ( Paragraph 3 ) Bob Geldolf got the idea to make a pop record.

  (Paragraph 4) By January 1985, 5 million pounds had been collected.

  (Paragraph 5) He went to African countries to see how the money should be spent.

  Part 4

  (Paragraphs 6~) Bob Geldolf made a even bigger project.

  (Paragraph 6) He had the idea of organizing two big pop concerts on the same day.

  (Paragraph 7) The concerts were quite successful.

 Reason

(Cause)

  When he .saw pictures of hungry people he became sad and angry, so he

  wanted to do something to help them.

Plan

  The money from the record sales could be spent on food and other

  things for Africa.

The lst Project

  He rang up all his friends in the pop world and they all agreed to sing on

  his record for free. So a pop record was produced. Soon money increased

  to 5 million pounds. He went to six African countries and realized

  hunger was only one of the problems.

The 2nd Project

  He organized two big pop concerts on the same day in England and in

  the USA. He persuaded all the world-famous pop stars to come and sing

  for free and other people to give help. Over 92 million dollars from ticket

  sales and radio and TV companies were collected and sent to Africa.

  对话建议

  Listening and reading

 1.Ask the Ss What was the message that Bob left for Eric? Read the second dialogue to find the answer. (Bob wants Eric to play in the concert.

  2.Go through the dialogue and discuss language points. Read or play the tape for the Ss to listen and repeat, then let them practise the dialogue in pairs.

  Practice

  Tell the Ss that they are organizing a basketball / volleyball / football match. Do an example with the whole class, then let the Ss make up dialogues in pairs. Have some pairs act out their dialogues.

  单元建议

  Lesson 101

  根据教材第二部分情景,分组自编对话,注意打电话用语。

  Lesson 102

  1.朗读课文,分组讨论,归纳段落大意及课文梗概。

  2.分组总结课文中与数字有关的信息、

  Lesson 103

  1.口头讲述鲍勃·盖尔多夫的简历。

  2.分组讨论课文读后感。

  课文讲解

  Bob tries another pop star. This time he has more difficulty in getting through.

  鲍勃又给另外一位流行歌星打电话。这一次他更难打通电话了。

  have difficulty in doing sth. 意思是“在做某事方面有困难”,in也可以省略,difficulty或trouble在该词组中为不可数名词。前面可以有much, a little, no, some, any等修饰,如:

  Everyone in the town knew him, so we had no difficult (in) finding his house. 因为城里人人都知道他,所以我们很容易就找到了他的家。

  Do you have any difficulty (in) working out this maths problem? 你做这道数学题有困难吗?

  have (…) difficulty/trouble + with +n. 在……有困难

  She has no trouble with her homework.

  He is ringing up some pop stars. He wants them to play in a concert.他在给一些流行歌星打电话,想叫他们在音乐会上演唱。

  play:作“演奏”“演唱”,可以是及物,也可以是不及物。play还可以用于运动方面,如:打(篮球),踢(足球),打(排球)等。应注意的是:play+乐器时,该名词前用定冠词,但如果是球类方面,就不用定冠词。如果要表达“玩…”,应用play with。

  She played the pipa quite successfully.她的琵琶弹得非常成功。

  Not all the students go to play basketball after class.不是所有的学生都下课以后去打篮球。

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  Ask the children not to play with fire. Its very dangerous.叫孩子们别玩火,那非常危险。

  I’ll be the biggest live concert the world has ever seen.那场音乐会将是世人曾见过的最大场面的现场直播音乐会。

  live读【laiv】,是形容词,作“现场直播”讲。

  ①There will be a live TV broadcast of basketball match between China and Japan.电视将现场直播中日篮球赛。

  It is always a live TV broadcast of spring Festival programme.春节晚会的节目都是现场直播的。

  注:句中的the world指“全世界的人”,它作主语时,谓语动词常用单数,很少用复数。

  All the world knows what he will say. 全世界人都知道他将会说什么。

  …and later as a worker building roads. ……后来当了筑路工人。

  building roads 是-ing形式短语.修饰句中的名词worker,作后置定语,它相当于定语从句who built roads。单个的-ing词语作定语时,通常要放在它所修饰的名词或代词之前。如果这个-ing形式是短语,则要将这个短语放在它所修饰的名词或代词之后。如:

  Do you know the girl standing under the tree?你认识站在树下的那个女孩吗?

  In l975 he returned to Dublin, the capital of the Irish Republic, where he found his own pop group.1975年他回到了爱尔兰共和国的首都——都柏林,组织了他自己的流行歌唱队。

  句中的 the capital of the Irish Republic是Dublin的同位语,而where he found his own pop group是宾语从句;修饰它的先行词Dublin.一般情况下,定语从句中常直接置于被修饰的先行词之后。少数情况定语从句没有位于被修饰的先行词之后,而是被句子中的其他成分所分隔,这种定语从句在英英语法中称为分隔式定语从句。

  He rang up all his friends in the pop world; including the most famous pop stars.他打电话给流行歌坛的所有朋友们,包括最有名气的流行歌星。

  1)句中的world作“……界”解,表示某一社会阶层的人,如:

  the sports world(体育界),the art world(艺术界),the racing world(赛马界),the world of science(科学界)等。

  2)including是动词include(包括)的-ing形式,作定语。这个-ing短语相当于一个非限制性定语从句(which includes the most famous pop stars.)例如:

  She is fond of music, including folk songs, pop songs and American country music.他喜欢音乐,包括民歌、流行歌曲和美国乡村音乐。

  Our group has six people, including three women. 我们小组有六个人,包括三个女的。

  3)注意把including的位置变化后的特殊表达形式,如上面的句子;Our group has six people, three women included.这相当于独立主句结构,(there women being included)主要形式以后再深入学习。

  By the end of the year, the total money collected had come to over 92 million dollars, all of which were went to Africa.到年底为止筹集到的全部款项达9200多万美元,所有的这些钱都送到非洲。

  (l)the total money collected中的collected是过去分词作后置定语。它相当于定语从句the total money that has been collected.过去分词作后置定语通常表示被动意义,即过去分词所修饰的名词是分词所表动作的承受者,本例的money就是collected所表动作的承受者。

  (2)come to意为“达到,总计”。它的本意是“来到”,但常用来表示达到某个数量,如:

  His total income comes to more than three thousand yuan a month.他的总收入达到每个月三千多元。

  (3)“…,all of which were sent to Africa.”是由“不定代词+介词+关系代词”引导的非限制性定语从句,相当于:All of the 92 million dollars were sent to Africa.如:

  We visited some places in France, all of which are world famous. 我们在法国参观了一些地方,所有这些地方都是举世闻名的。

  When I was a child, I learned lots of poems, most of which I can recite even小时候我学过许多诗,其中大部分即使到今天我都能背诵出来。

  词语辨析

  辨析 manage to do, try to do

  两者都有“设法”,“试图”的意思,用法也相似,都接动词不定式。但意思稍有区别。

  manage意思是“设法成功地办好了某事”,即事情有了结果或者会有结果。

  try to do的意思是“努力去做某事”,但不一定会成功。而且去做的事情,不一定都是困难的。试比较:

  He tried to stop a car but he failed.他设法要拦一辆车,但没拦住。

  He managed to stop a car and got onto it他设法拦了一辆车,并上了车。

  辨析late, lately, later, latest

  late形容词或副词,意为“迟到,晚”;

  lately副词,指“近来”(recently;

  later副词,“后来,较晚的时候”;

  latest形容词,“最新的”。例如:

  He usually gets up late on Sundays.星期天他常起得迟。

  What have you been doing lately? 你最近忙些什么?

  Here is the latest magazine you want.这就是你要的最新的杂志。

  See you later.再见

  辨析for/by/of/to oneself

  1)for oneself为自己;独自,独立地,如:

     She kept the largest apple for herself.她把最大的苹果留给了自己。

  2)by oneself:alone独自,单独地。如:

     He lives by himself in the woods.他独自住在森林里。

  3)of oneself自动地,自发的,如:

     The door opened of itself.门自动开了。

  4)to oneself 对自己,私下,如:

     Tom thought to himself that he could win.汤姆私下认为他会赢。

  辨析realize, recognize

  realize强调潜意误解注意到,了解本质,明白事理;

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  recognize则强调从记忆的搜索中识到,辨认出人、物、声音、方位等。例如:

  I realized that it was against the rule. 我意识到这是违反制度的。

  I recognized him though we parted(分开)for years. 尽管我们分开多年了,我还是认出了他。

  辨析persuade, advise:

  persuade一词常指已说服某人干……,

  advise一词则是尝试劝说某人干……,结果不一定如愿。例如:

  I persuade him to go home. 我说服他回家了。

  I tried to advise him to go home, but he refused. 我试图让他回家,他拒绝了。

  辨析provide,supply

  相同点:这组及物动词都可作“供给,提供”解,其用法异同是:

  provide指有远见,为应付意外、紧急情况等作好充分准备而“供给,提供”。

  supply表示比较固定、经常性地“提供;供给”,强调替代或补充所需物品,如:

  He also persuaded other people to provide money or to give help.他也劝服别人提供钱或给予帮助。

  These cars will be supplied to people all over the country.这些汽车将供应给全国各地的人们。

  注意:provide不如supply常用,前者可跟双宾语,后者无此用法,如:

  Tom provided her a pretty hat.汤姆给她准备了一项漂亮的帽子。

  可说provided/supply sth. to sh.也可说provid/supply sb. with sth. ),如:

  The bank provided/supplied him with a loan $100,000银行为他提供了10万美元的贷款。

教学设计示例

Lesson 101 教学设计方案

  Teaching Aims

  The way to make telephone calls and how to leave messages

  Teaching Procedures

  Step 1.Lead in

  Show some pictures, then ask the students to answer the following questions.

  1.Do you like to listen to pop music?

  2. Can you tell me some of the famous singers of pop music?

  Step 2.Listening

  Play the recorder twice, then ask them to answer the questions

  1. When and where will the concert be?

  2.What was the message that Bob left for Eric?

  Keys:

  1. July 13th, London.   2. Bob wants Eric to play in the concert.

  Step 3.Practice

  Write down the important phrases and sentence patterns on the blackboard as follows: is that. . . ?Yes, speaking.

  Will you give him a message?

  Whos calling?

  Can you ring me back?

  Can I speak to . . . ?

  Ask the students to make up a new dialogue using these sentence patterns.

  Step 4.Practice

  Ask some of the pairs to act the Scenes out in the front of the classroom.

  Scene 1:Someone is ill and does not go to school today. Now he is making a phone call to one of his classmates, asking about the lessons today and what they will do tomorrow.

  Scene 2: Someone has managed to buy two tickets for the women football match---China ,USA, for the champion---this coming weekend. She is making a phone call to her friend, telling her the news and planning when and where they are going to meet.

  Step 5. Language study

  1.The teacher explains some new words to the students.

  2.Fill in the blanks with proper words.

  
   turn down, ring back, realize, persuade, provide, practise, non-stop, fly, manage , further

  1. His parents _________ him with the necessary money for his university study

  2. Please tell him I ______this afternoon, at about three o’clock.

  3. Would you mind _________the radio? I’m doing my homework.

  4. He finally _________his mistake, but it was too late.

  5. He tried hard ________me into lending him all my savings.

  6. The actors _________the movements a lot every day.

  7. Many live fish and fresh flowers are _________ to Beijing every day.

  8. The players made great efforts and they _________ to win the match.

  9. The runners ran over 42 kilometers _________.

  10. The museum is closed until _________notice.

  Key: 1. provide  2. will ring back  3. turning down   4. realized    5. to persuade  

  6. practise  7. flied    8. managed    9. non-stop   10. further

Step 6 Homework

  1.Finish off the Workbook exercises.

  2.Prepare Lesson 102.


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