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Unit 19 Jobs

03-06 18:57:17 | www.jiaoxue51.com | 高一英语教案 | 人气:880

Unit 19 Jobs是关于 高一英语教案,方面的资料,本站还有更多关于人教版高一英语教案,高一英语必修2教案,高一英语下学期教案方面的资料,http://www.jiaoxue51.com。

教学目标

知识目标
一、教学目标与要求
  通过本单元教学,使学生继续学习定语从句的用法,并对限制性定语从句进行小结。学生应能较为熟练地运用定语从句。从本单元对话中学生应能掌握表示判断与意见的用语。通过对课文的学习,向学生介绍男女平等这一主题,并了解妇女受歧视的情况及带来的后果。
二、教学重点与难点
  1.重点词汇 design; remove; refuse; pretend; promise; support; pick up; to ones surprise; call at; look down upon
  2.重要句型 1) Are there any jobs which women dont do? 2) It seems that its more difficult for women to get to the top of a company. 3) His job was to design new machines. 4) Unless you tell me, I shall not be able to help you. 5) I had to lie to the company and pretend to be a man in order to get a job.
  3.语法 定语从句 (4): 1) Mr. King, whose legs were badly hurt, was taken to hospital. 2) The boss in whose department Mr. King worked called at the hospital. 3) The boss of the company, whose name was Mr. Little, told the story.
  4.日常交际用语 判断和意见 (Judgement and opinions): 1) I guess mens hands and fingers are too big! 2) I am sure men are better at making computers than women. 3) In my opinion women are better teachers than men. 4) I can believe that/ I agree. 5) Do you think so? / I dont agree.
能力知识
  1.句型
  It seems that…及I’m sure/ think/ believe that…句型的训练,使学生能够熟练表达对某事的看法和意见。
  2.定语从句的应用与巩固。
  3.根据本单元“Jobs”的有关知识,运用所学语言知识写一封求职信。
德育知识
  通过本单元的学习,让学生懂得男女平等的重要和提高尊重妇女的意识。了解妇女受歧视的情况及其带来的后果,并认识男女平等的重要意义。

教学建议

课文分析
  本单元的话题是谈论男女平等的问题,这是一个长期存在的社会问题,即使在发达的资本主义国家,也涉及此问题。通过本课所讲述的故事,让学生了解西方妇女受歧视的情况,并认识男女平等的重要意义。分为三段:
  Part 1 (Paragraph 1) “Mr” King was one of the best engineers in the Notco Company.
  Part 2 (Paragraphs 2-5) “Mr” King had an accident and his secret was out.
  Part 3 ( Paragraphs 6-10) People had different opinions about Ms King.
  本课阅读以对话为主,通过对话讲述故事,通过对话发表看法。
分析whose引导的定语从句
  whose 表示所属关系,与名词连用,可指人或物。
  1)“whose+名词”在从句中可1)作主语2)作宾语3)作介词宾语
  2)whose用来指物时,可用“of +which”来替代,此时词序为“限定词+名词+of + which”或“of +which+限定词+名词”。
  3)whose +名词”的结构中,“whose”的作用相当于“限定词” 故不能说:whose the name。但它可以用于结构“whose+修饰语+名词”。
本单元教学建议
Lesson 73
  1) Pair work, practise the dialogue.
  2) Ask the Ss to make up similar dialogues according to part 1 with part 2.
Lesson 74
  Students’ book, page 18, summarize the story.
  Let the Ss do it individually in class.
Lesson 75
  Students’ book, page 19, summarize different people’s opinions about Mr. King’s matter.
  Mr. Little’s opinion: Dismiss Mr. King.
  Mr. Pattis’ opinion: Keep Mr. King as long as he /she can do the work well.
  Infer their final decision: Mr. King may continue to stay in the company.
对话建议
  1.  教师让学生能展开讨论,话题为Talk about job.
  2.  准备放对话录音前,教师把问题写在黑板上或让学生们记下来:
  1)Why do some do companies like to employ women workers?
  放录音机一至两遍,请学生回答上述问题,教师加以评论。
  3. 再放对话录音,学生跟读。播放视频,教师再提出一些问题,检查学生的理解程度。
  4.将学生分为两人一组练习对话。数分钟后,请两三组同学到前面表演,教师给以讲评。
  5.教师指导学生归纳本课有关的常用语句。
课文建议
  1. 教师引出本课内容,在黑板上列出学生所提及的内容。
  2. 准备阅读第一部分课文,教师给出读前提问:
  Do you think Ms King should lose her job? Why(not)?
  教师给学生数分钟,要求学生快速阅读课文,之后请同学回答上述问题。
  3. 放课文录音,学生跟读一至两遍,之后看视频。
  4. 课堂活动:
  A.要求学生根据课文所提供的信息,归纳课文中的内容:
  将全班分为若干小组,每小组可选择其中一两个题目,在组内进行归纳。数分钟后,请几位同学生在班内交流,其他同学补充,教师可帮助学生加以纠正。
  B.要求学生给出各段大意:
  学生先在小组内交流并相互启发、补充,然后请学生在班上交流,教师给出正确答案。
  5.教师让学生用自己的语言讲述Mr/ Mrs King及补充课文的结局.
辨析work, job
  共同点:work 和job 都有“工作”之意。
  job 指具体的“工作,职业”,特别是指有报酬的工作。它是可数名词,有单复数形式。
  work是不可数名词,表示比较抽象,泛指的工作。work还可表示“著作,作品”这时是可数名词。表示“工厂”“工事”“机件”时常用复数形式。
  The young man tried to find work in the city.那年轻人想在城里找工作。
  He went to town to look for a job.他进城去找份工作。
例题:
  He got a ____in that company recently. There is always a lot of ____for people who are out of____.
  A.      work; job; jobs  B. work ; work ; jobs  C.  job ; work ; work  D. job; jobs; work

www.jiaoxue51.com  答案为C。
辨析have sb. doing/ have sb. do/ have sth. done
  共同点:表示“/使/让/请某人干某事”
  have sb. doing强调让某人/某物一直处于某种状态,
  have sb. do则强调暂时或一次性的行为。
  have / sth. done表示“让某事被做”,强调宾语和宾语补足语之间为动宾关系,而且宾语补足语的行为由他人来完成。例如:
  (1) Yesterday I have my brother wash my clothes. 昨天我让弟弟给我洗了衣服。
  (2) I’ll try my best to have him tell the truth. 我要尽全力叫他说实话。
  (3)We ought to have her examined by the doctor. 我们应该让医生给她检查一下。
  (4)I’ll have my watch repaired. 我得找人把我的手表修一下。
  (5)He had the fire burning day and night. 他让火日夜燃烧着。
  (6)Dont have your horse running so fast. 别老让你的马跑那么快。
辨析and so on, such as和for example
  1)and so on对几个事物进行列举时,在说了其中的几个以后,用…and so on进概括,说明还有,但不一一列出了。如:
  2)such as…用来列举事物。通常插在被列举的带有解释性质的事物与前面的需要进行解释的名词之间,意思是“比如;诸如……之类的”,可与like互换。如:
  3) for example…起到补充说明的作用,表明在众多内容中仅举一二个例子,可放在列举内容之前或之后,意思是“例如……”,“举个例子……”。如:
  There are some books, pens, erasers and so on in my bag. 我的书包里有书、笔、橡皮等等。
  Boys like to play balls, such as football and basketball. 男孩喜欢打球,比如足球和篮球。
  Some students, Li Jun, for example, live in the country. 有些学生住在农村,例如李军。
  注意:for example有补充说明的意思,而补充说明往往有解释的作用,所以它往往可与such as或like互换。and so on只有概括作用而没有解释作用,所以一般不能和for example或such as或like互换。
辨析:promise与allow, permit
  共同点:几个词均表示答应,允诺。
  promise指自己答应别人干某事而守约完成。
  allow 指“并不反对”或“不加阻止”, 偏重“默许”或“听任”, 含义较消极。
  permit 和 allow 在许多情况下可以通用, 但两者都指有权的人给予的同意与许可。但permit较 allow 正式, 含有“积极地、从正面地允许”的意义,
  They dont permit you to smoke. 他们不允许你抽烟。
  Each passenger is allowed twenty-five kilogrammes of luggage. 每位旅客允许携带二十五公斤的行李。
  She promised her brother that she would write to him. 她答应弟弟将给他写信。
辨析gentle; soft
  共同点:两者作“温和的”解都是形容词。
  gentle指人对事物的克制而表现出的温和、文雅和亲切。
  soft 指人说话语气的温和,也可指物体质地的柔软。
  He paid no attention to his mother’s gentle scolding. 他对母亲的温和责备毫不理会。
  They’re not soft enough.它们不够柔软
辨析just, fair
  共同点:两者作形容词用都可表示“公正的”。
  fair通常指做事(尤指具体的事)公平、公道,不因个人私利而采取不正当的手段。
  just强调合乎道义的,尤指思想意识范畴的人或事。如:
  He was fair in the amount of money he gave to each of them.
  他公平合理地把钱分给他们各人。
  A teacher should be just to every student.
  老师应公平地对待每位学生。
  1.There are women police officers, women doctors, teachers, engineers, farmers and so on.
  在表示妇女的职位时,英语中用“woman +职位名词”的复合词。这两个词的单、复数要一致。如:
  a woman doctor→women doctors, a woman farmer→women farmers。
[比较]  由“girl+名词”所构成的复合词,girl总是用单数。如:
  a girl student (一个女学生), two girl students (两个女学生.) , 不说two girls students。
  2. But I had to lie to the company and pretend to be a man in order to get a job.
  pretend后接通常跟名词、代词,或跟不定式、宾语从句。
  He pretended sickness.
  He pretended to be friendly with us.
  He pretended that he had a headache.
  注意:pretend 之后的不定式有时态变化
  He pretended to be reading.
  The boys pretended to have done their lessons.
  3. We shall have to make a decision about Mr King, whose story I have just told you.
  “make a decision (about )”意为“作出(有关的)决定”(=decide)
  Im afraid that youve made a wrong decision.
  [联想] 在英语中,有许多由make同表示动作的名词搭配所构成的词组,其词义相当于表示动作的动词。例如:
  make an answer =answer(回答)         make an arrangement = arranger(安排)
  make a change= changed(修改,改变) make a choice= choose(选择)
  make an examination = examine(检查)    make progress = progress(进步,前进)
  make a report = report (报告)           make a suggestion = suggest (建议)
  make a start =start(开始)              make a travel = travel (旅行)
  make a warning = warn(警告)
  4.To everyones surprise, Mr King refused.
  1) to ones surprise/to the surprise of. . .,介词短语,意思是“使某人感到惊奇的是……”,在句中作状语,表示行为的结果。
  [联想] to one’s delight /to the delight of (使某人高兴的是)
  to one’s joy/to the joy of (使某人愉快的是)

www.jiaoxue51.com  to one’s sorrow/to the sorrow of (使某人悲伤的是)
  To his delight, he has got to the top of the company
  2)refuse后可接不定式作宾语,也可接名词或代词作宾语。
  句式一:refuse+名词
  He refused the gift.
  句式二:refuse+名词+名词
  He refused me permission to use his dictionary.
  句式三:refuse+动词不定式
  He refused to let me use his dictionary.
  Mr. King, whose legs were badly hurt, was quickly taken to hospital. 金先生的双腿严重受伤,很快被送进医院。
理解:
  1)这是一个复合句,whose legs were badly hurt是非限制性定语从句,修饰前面的名词,Mr. King,引导词whose本身在定语从句只和定语,修饰legs.
  2)badly“严重地”,在此等于seriously,修饰过去分词hurt.
  3)whose是定语从句中一个常用的关系代词,表“……的”之意;它可以指“人的”,也可指“物的”;既可以引导限制性定语从句,也可引导非限制定语从句。
  I dont agree with your decision. 我不同意你的决定。
理解:
  agree是个常用动词,也是高考经常考查的词汇之一。它的用法如下:
  1) agree with +名词/代词/从句
  在这个句型中,如用人作主语,表示“同意……”,“赞同……”,后面接指人或表示“意见”,“看法”的词(如:suggestion statement, practice .proposal);如用事物作主语,表示“与……一致(相符)”,“(气候、食物等)适合……”。例如:
  I agree with most of what you said, but I dont agree with everything.
  The verb must agree with the subject in person and number. 动词在人称和数上应与主语一致。
  2)agree to+名词/代词
  agree to 的意思是“同意(赞成)……”,后面接表示建议、计划、条件、安排等的词,不但表示同意,而且含有协助合作之意。例如:
  They agree to our suggestion.
  agree to 还有“答应”的意思。可表示答应某件自己实际上不赞成的事。例如:
  The boss agreed to the terms only under the pressure of the workers.
  agree to 也可用于被动句型,但agree with却不可以。例如:
  Their terms have been agreed to.
  3 ) agree on/about +名词/代词
  agree on的意思是“对……取得了一致意见”,主语常常是协商一件事的人们或单位,后面常接表示具体协议的文件、计划、行动、日期、条款等名词,介词on有时可用about来替换。例如:
  We all agreed on an early start tomorrow morning.
  There is one point on which they all agree.
  4)agree with sb. on sth.
  这个句型的意思是“对某事跟某人意见一致”。它的相反意思的句型:disagree with sb. about sth. “对某事跟某人意见不一致”。例如:
  I agree with you on this matter.
  They disagreed with you about some of the opinions in this report.
  5) agree to do sth.
  agree to do sth. 的意思是“同意(答应)做某事”。例如:
  The worker agreed to mend the machine next Monday.
  6)agree + that 从句
  这个句型的意思是“同意(认为/承认)……”。例如:
  We agree (with you)that this article is worth reading.
  7) agree 作“同意”解时,也可单独使用。例如:
  I asked him to go to the cinema with me and he agreed.
  It seems that its more difficult for women to get to the top of a company.看来妇女要成为一个公司的头头比较困难。
理解:
  “It seems that”有时能与“It seems as if” 句型互换,在意思上较接近,但 “It seems that”后面用陈述语气;而“It seems as if”后面可用陈述语气,表示可能性较大,也可用虚拟语气,表示可能性较小。试比较:
  It seems that it will rain this afternoon. = It seems as if it will rain this afternoon.  (说话人认为很有可能要下雨)
  It seems as if it would rain this afternoon.  (但凭经验下雨的可能性不大)
  动词seem还有如下主要用法:
  1)seem + inf.(看来;似乎)例如:
  They didn’t seem/ seemed not to like the film. 看来他们不喜欢这部片子。
  2)seem+(to be)adj.(看来;似乎)例如:
  She seems (to be) quite happy with the work. 她看来对工作很满意。
  3)There seems …似乎有……
  There seems something wrong with my bicycle.我的自行车似乎是出了毛病。

——whose引导的定语从句

用法:
  whose 表示所属关系,与名词连用,可指人或物。“whose+名词”在从句中可作主语、动词宾语或介词宾语。例如:
一、1)When I looked through the window ,1 saw a girl whose beauty took my breath away. ( whose beauty作主语, whose指人a girl)
  2)It was a meeting whose importance I did not realize at the time. (whose importance 作动词 realize的宾语, whose指事物 a meeting)
  3)Atlas ( in Greek mythology) was a kneeling man on whose shoulder the world rested, (whose shoulders作介词on的宾语)
二、当whose用来指物时,可用“of +which”来替代,此时词序为“限定词+名词+of + which”或“of +which+限定词+名词”。例如:
  I had a meeting whose purpose was completely unclear. =
  I had a meeting the purpose of which was completely unclear. =
  I had a meeting of which the purpose was completely unclear.
注意:whose不能用于“whose+限定词+名词”这样的结构,如不能说:whose the name。但它可以用于结构“whose+强调词+名词”,如:
  I read a book yesterday whose very name I don’t remember.
例题介绍:
  The pretty house _____ door is always locked belongs to a rich man.

www.jiaoxue51.com  A. its       B. which     C. whose    D. that
  句意为:门总是锁着的漂亮房子属于一个富人的。由分析句子结构可知,本题考查定语从句中关系代词的用法。句中的先行词house在定语从句中作定语,修饰door,因此关系代词用whose,而不用that或which。故正确答案为C。
  Here is the girl _______ school bag has been stolen.
  A. who    B. whom    C. whose    D. her
  whose代替先行词the girl,在定语从句中作school bag的定语,关系代词who和whom都不能这样用。答案应选C。
  The building _______ windows are bright at night is our school library.
  A. which    B. that    C. whom    D. whose
  关系代词whose用于物,代替先行词building,在定语从句中作windows的定语。关系代词which和that都不能这样用。答案为D。
练习:
  1.The boss, ____restaurant I am serving, is a king-hearted man.
  A. in which    B. in whose  C. where    D. which
  2.The gentleman, ____daughter I worked, had been to America.
  A. which   B. whose   C. with whose   D. with which
  3.The house _____windows face south is my uncle’s.
  A. who      B. whom   C. whose   D. which
  答案:BCC

Lesson 73教学设计方案

Teaching Aims
  1. Learn some new words (officer, engineer, fair, pick up. army) while dealing with the dialogue .
  2. Get a general idea about jobs for men and women in Britain.
  3. Learn to use the pattern:
  It seems that…
  I m sure that…
Teaching procedures
Step 1 Questions and answers:
  What is your father /mother /brother?
  What job does your sister do?
  He /She is a doctor /worker /driver /manager /police officer (head in the police) and so on.
Step 2 Listening
  Listen to the tape without looking at the books and choose the best answers;
1. What are Jane and Zhou Lan talking about? (C)
  A. Women’s jobs. B. Men’s jobs. C. Jobs for women in Britain.
2. Jane thinks that women can do almost everything. But _________. (B)
  A. it’s more difficult for women to get jobs
  B. it s easier for men to become leaders of a company
  C. it’s harder for women to work in a company
3. What’s Zhou Lan’s opinion about women’s not being able to get best jobs in a company? (A)
  A. She thinks it unfair.
  B. She thinks it not funny.
  C. She can’t believe it.
4. Which is right according to the dialogue? (A)
  A. Not all the companies like to employ men.
  B. All the companies like to employ men.
  C. None of the companies likes to employ women,
Step 3 Reading
  The students listen to the tape and follow. Read in pairs.
Step 4 Practice
  Practice, page 17, Part 2
  1. Go through the sentences in the box, and practise different ways of expressing one’s opinions.
  2. Work in pairs.
  3. Ask some pairs to act it out.
Step 5 Language points
  1. It seems that it’s more difficult for women to get to the top of companies/ units /schools /classes/ countries.
  2. I am sure/believe/think/guess that…
Step 6 Workbook
  workbook page 69 Ex .1,2,3
  1. Do it alone. 2. Check it in class.
Step 7 Exercise
  Correct the following sentences.
  1. I think it is not a good idea to employ men to pick up such small pieces.
  2. It looks that it is easier for girls to learn foreign languages than boys.
  3. Don’t you believe that there are some jobs women can’t do as good as men?
  4. Do you agree that women can do same thing as men?
  5. Why do they prefer shooting than wrestling?
  6. This passage is about Ms King pretended to be a man in order to get a job.
参考答案
  1. I don’t think it is a good idea to employ men to pick up such small pieces.
  2. It seems that it is easier for girls to learn foreign languages than boys.
  3. Don’t you believe that there are some jobs women can’t do as well as men?
  4. Do you agree that women can do the same thing as men?
  5. Why do they prefer shooting to wrestling?
  6. This passage is about Ms King who pretended to be a man in order to get a job.


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