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四级考试考点词汇及真题解析(三)

03-14 16:15:49 | www.jiaoxue51.com | 英语四六级考试 | 人气:501

四级考试考点词汇及真题解析(三)是关于 英语四六级考试,方面的资料,本站还有更多关于英语四级考试题型,英语四级考试真题,英语四级考试流程方面的资料,http://www.jiaoxue51.com。

  concentrate v.全神贯注,精神集中,专心致志;集中,集合;浓缩

  We should concentrate all our efforts on improving education.我们应该集中精力努力改进教育工作。

  Troops are concentrating south of the river.军队正向河的南边集结。

  n.浓缩液

  【用法】concentrate(sth.)on sth./doing sth.

  【全真考题】Anne couldn't concentrate what she was doing while her family were watching TV.(93.1)

  A.to B.on C.for D.in

  【答案】B

  continual adj.继续不断的;一再重复的

  continual rain不停的雨

  【辨析】continual与continuous

  continual一般指多次重复的动作:Please stop your continual questions.

  continuous表示动作或物体继续不停地或不间断地进行下去:a continuous flow of traffic

  【全真考题】Our journey was slow because the train stopped at different villages.(99.1)

  A.unceasingly B.gradually

  C.continuously D.continually

  【答案】D

  contrary adj.(在性质、倾向或方向等方面)相反的;好与人作对的

  contrary beliefs截然相反的信仰

  He is an awkward,contrary child.他是个又麻烦又不听话的孩子。

  n.反面

  【用法】contrary to违反:be contrary to the law;on the contrary与此相反:It doesn't seem ugly to me;on the contrary,I think it's rather beautiful.

  【全真考题】What you have done is the doctor's orders.(90.1)

  A.attached to B.responsible to

  C.resistant to D.contrary to

  【答案】D

  

  concentrate v.全神贯注,精神集中,专心致志;集中,集合;浓缩

  We should concentrate all our efforts on improving education.我们应该集中精力努力改进教育工作。

  Troops are concentrating south of the river.军队正向河的南边集结。

  n.浓缩液

  【用法】concentrate(sth.)on sth./doing sth.

  【全真考题】Anne couldn't concentrate what she was doing while her family were watching TV.(93.1)

  A.to B.on C.for D.in

  【答案】B

  continual adj.继续不断的;一再重复的

  continual rain不停的雨

  【辨析】continual与continuous

  continual一般指多次重复的动作:Please stop your continual questions.

  continuous表示动作或物体继续不停地或不间断地进行下去:a continuous flow of traffic

  【全真考题】Our journey was slow because the train stopped at different villages.(99.1)

  A.unceasingly B.gradually

  C.continuously D.continually

  【答案】D

  contrary adj.(在性质、倾向或方向等方面)相反的;好与人作对的

  contrary beliefs截然相反的信仰

  He is an awkward,contrary child.他是个又麻烦又不听话的孩子。

  n.反面

  【用法】contrary to违反:be contrary to the law;on the contrary与此相反:It doesn't seem ugly to me;on the contrary,I think it's rather beautiful.

  【全真考题】What you have done is the doctor's orders.(90.1)

  A.attached to B.responsible to

  C.resistant to D.contrary to

  【答案】D

  

  contributev.捐款,捐助;有助于;投稿

  We contributed clothing to the relief of the poor.我们捐赠衣物救济贫民。

  Hard work contributed to his success.努力工作使他成功。

  He contributed poems to the magazine.他投诗稿给杂志。

  【用法】contribute与介词to搭配:contribute(sth.)to

  【全真考题】Medical research has shown that the widespread use of cigarettes contributes the increase of cancers.(94.1)

  A.towards B.for C.with D.to

  【答案】D

  critical adj.吹毛求疵的,批评的;决定性的,重要的

  He is so critical that nobody can please him.他太吹毛求疵,所以没有人能取悦他。

  We arrived at the critical m

, www.jiaoxue51.comoment.我们在关键时刻到达。

  【用法】critical作吹毛求疵的、批评的讲时与介词of搭配。

  【全真考题】The director was critical the way we were doing the work.(2009.1)

  A.at B.in C.of D.with

  【答案】C

  《大学英语教学大纲》中,关于四级词汇的要求是:“领会式掌握4200单词(其中复用式掌握的单词为2500)以及由这些词构成的常用词组1600条(中学所掌握的单词和词组均包括在内),并具有按照基本构词法识别生词的能力。”大纲中所指的领会式强调对词义的认知,而复用式则强调对这类词的词义辨析、用法以及搭配关系的掌握。因此,以大纲为指导,四级考试中词汇的内容,除了考察对单词的认知外,还测试词义的细微区别、词汇用法和搭配关系。目前考察领会式词汇为73.9%占大部分,复用式占26.1%。在此篇和上期所列重点词汇的四级考题中,bare,concentrate,contribute,continual,critical都以复用式词汇方式来考察。其中,bare和continual考察词义的辨析;concentrate,contribute和critical考察了词的搭配关系。当然,四级试题中词汇的领会与复用也不都是界限分明的,有时在一道题中会既考察认知又考察用法等。



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