教学文章 | 试题课件下载 | 范文中心 | 作文网 | 在线阅读 | 名言语录 | 设为首页 | 收藏本站
首页试题下载 全册教案 免费课件 说课稿 教学计划 资格考试 主题班会 幼儿教育 作文大全 经典语句 学生评语 范文大全
板报设计| 歇后语| 对联大全| 谜语大全| 名著阅读| 文言文| 诗词鉴赏| 在线字典| 成语大全| 幼儿教师| 早期教育| 少儿故事| 育儿知识

热门搜索: 教师考试 教案文章 教学总结 高考语文 高考数学

当前位置:教学无忧网教学文章职业考试考研2016教育部考试中心考研英语模拟试题阅读理解五

2016教育部考试中心考研英语模拟试题阅读理解五

09-18 13:16:07 | www.jiaoxue51.com | 考研 | 人气:114

2016教育部考试中心考研英语模拟试题阅读理解五是关于 考研,方面的资料,本站还有更多关于考研英语怎么复习,专科生考研条件,考研英语题型,考研政治复习资料方面的资料,http://www.jiaoxue51.com。
BBC ‘s Casualty programme on Saturday evening gave viewers a vote as to which of two patients should benefit from a donation. But it failed to tell us that we would not need to make so many life-and-death decisions if we got to grip with the chronic organ shortage. Being pussyfooting around in its approach to dead bodies, the Government is giving a kicking to some of the most vulnerable in our society. One depressing consequence of this is that a significant number of those on the waiting list take off to foreign countries to purchase an organ from a living third-world donor, something that is forbidden in the United Kingdom. The poor have no option but to wait in vain.
   The Human Tissue Authority’s position on the retention of body parts for medical research after a post-mortem examination is equally flawed. The new consent forms could have been drafted by some evil person seeking to stop the precious flow of human tissue into the pathological laboratory. The forms are so lengthy that doctors rarely have time to complete them and, even if they try, the wording is so graphic that relatives tend to leg it before signing. In consequence, the number of post mortems has fallen quickly.
   The wider worry is that the moral shortsightedness evident in the Human Tissue Act seems to infect every facet of the contemporary debate on medical ethics. Take the timid approach to embryonic stem cell research. The United States, for example, refuses government funding to scientists who wish to carry out potentially ground-breaking research on the surplus embryos created by IVF treatment.
   Senators profess to be worried that embryonic research fails to respect the dignity of “potential persons”. Rarely can such a vacuous concept have found its way into a debate claming to provide enlightenment. When is this “potential” supposed to kick in? In case you were wondering, these supposedly precious embryos are at the same stage of development as those that are routinely terminated by the Pill without anyone crying. Thankfully, the British Government has refused the position of the United States and operates one of the most liberal regimes in Europe, in which licences have been awarded to researchers to create embryos for medical research. It is possible that, in years to come, scientists will be able to grow organs in the lab and find cures for a range of debilitating diseases.
   The fundamental problem with our approach to ethics is our inability to separate emotion from policy. The only factor that should enter our moral and legal deliberations is that of welfare, a concept that is meaningless when applied to entities that lack self-consciousness. Never forget that the research that we are so reluctant to conduct upon embryos and dead bodies is routinely carried out on living, pain-sensitive animals.
   1. What has caused the chronic organ shortage?
   [A] a decrease in donation rates.
   [B] inefficient governmental policy.
 

>>>>。 www.jiaoxue51.com[C] illegal trade in human organs.
   [D] news media’s indifference.
   2. The expression “pussyfooting around” (Line 3, Paragraph 1) might mean______.
   [A] unfair
   [B] hesitant
   [C] secret
   [D] strict
   3. The moral shortsightedness is revealed in the fact that _____.
   [A] the government has stopped the experiment on human tissue
   [B] the donation consent forms are difficult to understand
   [C] the Human Tissues Act is an obstacle to important medical research
   [D] embryonic research shows disregard for human life
   4. To which of the following is the author most likely to agree?
   [A] the rich and the poor are equal in the face of death.
   [B] more scientists are needed for the medical advancement.
   [C] there is a double standard in medical ethics.
   [D] the dead deserve the same attention as the living.
   5. The author is most critical of_____.
   [A] the media
   [B] doctors
   [C] U. S. Legislators
   [D] the British government
   答案:1.B 2.B 3.C 4.C 5.

>>>>。
希望2016教育部考试中心考研英语模拟试题阅读理解五这篇文章对您有帮助哦,记得收藏本站。
联系方式 | 收藏本站| 教学文章 | 试题课件下载 | 范文中心 | 作文网 | 在线阅读 | 名言语录 | 网站地图 | 热门专题
Copyright (C) jiaoxue51.com, All Rights Reserved 版权所有
小学美术课件,ppt课件免费下载,主题班会课件,说课课件,课件素材
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12