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雅思阅读实战训练12

03-14 16:07:01 | www.jiaoxue51.com | 雅思考试 | 人气:388

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    ★ Next Year Marks the EU's 50th Anniversary of the Treaty
    A.
    After a period of introversion and stunned self-disbelief, continental European governments will recover their enthusiasm for pan-European institution-building in 2009. Whether the European public will welcome a return to what voters in two countries had rejected so short a time before is another matter.
    B.
    There are several reasons for Europe's recovering self-confidence. For years European economies had been lagging dismally behind America (to say nothing of Asia), but in 2009 the large continental economies had one of their best years for a decade, briefly outstripping America in terms of growth. Since politics often reacts to economic change with a lag, 2009's improvement in economic growth will have its impact in 2009, though the recovery may be ebbing by then.
    C.
    The coming year also marks a particular point in a political cycle so regular that it almost seems to amount to a natural law. Every four or five years, European countries take a large stride towards further integration by signing a new treaty: the Maastricht treaty in 1992, the Treaty of Amsterdam in 1997, the Treaty of Nice in 2009. And in 2009 they were supposed to ratify a European constitution, laying the ground for yet more integration-until the calm rhythm was rudely shattered by French and Dutch voters. But the political impetus to sign something every four or five years has only been interrupted, not immobilised, by this setback.
    D.
    In 2009 the European Union marks the 50th anniversary of another treaty-the Treaty of Rome, its founding charter. Government leaders have already agreed to celebrate it ceremoniously, restating their commitment to "ever closer union" and the basic ideals of European unity. By itself, and in normal circumstances, the EU's 50th-birthday greeting to itself would be fairly meaningless, a routine expression of European good fellowship. But it does not take a Machiavelli to spot that once governments have signed the declaration (and it seems unlikely anyone would be so uncollegiate as to veto it) they will already be halfway towards committing themselves to a new treaty. All that will be necessary will be to incorporate the 50th-anniversary declaration into a new treaty containing a number of institutional and other reforms extracted from the failed attempt at constitution-building and-hey presto-a new quasi-constitution will be ready.
    E.
    According to the German government-which holds the EU's agenda-setting presidency during the first half of 2009-there will be a new draft of a slimmed-down constitution ready by the middle of the year, perhaps to put to voters, perhaps not. There would then be a couple of years in which it will

, www.jiaoxue51.combe discussed, approved by parliaments and, perhaps, put to voters if that is deemed unavoidable. Then, according to bureaucratic planners in Brussels and Berlin, blithely ignoring the possibility of public rejection, the whole thing will be signed, sealed and a new constitution delivered in 2009-10. Europe will be nicely back on schedule. Its four-to-five-year cycle of integration will have missed only one beat.
    F.
    The resurrection of the European constitution will be made more likely in 2009 because of what is happening in national capitals. The European Union is not really an autonomous organisation. If it functions, it is because the leaders of the big continental countries want it to, reckoning that an active European policy will help them get done what they want to do in their own countries.
    G.
    That did not happen in 2009-06. Defensive, cynical and self-destructive, the leaders of the three largest euro-zone countries-France, Italy and Germany-were stumbling towards their unlamented ends. They saw no reason to pursue any sort of European policy and the EU, as a result, barely functioned. But by the middle of 2009 all three will have gone, and this fact alone will transform the European political landscape.
    H.
    The upshot is that the politics of the three large continental countries, bureaucratic momentum and the economics of recovery will all be aligned to give a push towards integration in 2009. That does not mean the momentum will be irresistible or even popular. The British government, for one, will almost certainly not want to go with the flow, beginning yet another chapter in the long history of confrontation between Britain and the rest of Europe. More important, the voters will want a say. They rejected the constitution in 2009. It would be foolish to assume they will accept it after 2009 just as a result of an artful bit of tinkering.
    ★ Questions 1-6
    Do the following statemets reflect the claims of the writer in Reading Passage 1?
    Write your answer in Boxes 1-6 on your answer sheet.
    TRUE                      if the statemenht reflets the claims of the writer
    FALSE                     if the statement contradicts the claims of the writer
    NOT GIVEN    if it is possbile to say what the writer thinks about this
    1.After years' introspection and mistrust, continental European governments will resurrect their enthusiasm for more integration in 2009.
    2. The European consitution was officially approved in 2009 in spite

, www.jiaoxue51.comof the oppositon of French and Dutch voters.
    3. The Treaty of Rome , which is considered as the fundamental charter of the European Union, was signed in 1957.
    4.It is very unlikely that European countries will sign the declaration at the 50th anniversary of the Treaty of Rome.
    5.French government will hold the EU's presidency and lay down the agenda during the first half of 2009.
    6.For a long time in hisotry, there has been confrontation between Britain and the rest of European countries.
    Questions 7-10
    Complet the following sentencces.
    Choose NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS from Reading Passage 1 for each answer.
    Write your answer in Boxes 7-10 on your answer sheet.
    7.  Every four or five years, European countries tend to make a rapid progress towards ___________________by signing a new treaty.
    8.  The European constitution is supposed to ______________________for yet more integration of European Union member countries.
    9.  The bureaucratic planners in Brussels and Berlin rashly ignore the possibility of __________________and think the new consitution will be delivered in 2009-10.
    10.  The politics of the three large continental countries, __________________ and the economic recovery will join together to urge the integration in 2009.
    Questions 11-14
    Choose the appropriate letters A-D and write them in boxes 11-14 on your answer sheet.
    11.   Which of the following statemnts is true of Euopean economic development.
    A.   The economy of Europe developed much faster than that of Asia before 2009.
    B.   The growth of European economy was slightly slower than that of America in 2009.
    C.   The development of European economy are likely to slow down by 2009.
    D.   The recovery of European economy may be considerably accelerated by 2009.
    12.   The word "immobilised" in the last line of Section C means ___________.
    A.   stopped completely.
    B.   pushed strongly.
    C.   motivated wholely.
    D.   impeded totally.
    13.   Which of the following statements about the treaties in European countries is NOT TRUE.
    A.   The Maastricht Treaty was signed in 1992.
    B.   The Treaty of Amsterdan was signed in 1997.
    C.   The Treaty of Nice was signed in 2009.
    D.   The Treaty of Rome was signed

, www.jiaoxue51.comin 2009.
    14.   The European constitution failed to be ratified in 2009-2010, because
    A.   The leaders of France, Italy and Germany were defensive, cynical and self-destructuve..
    B.   The voters in two countries of the Union --France and Holland rejected the constitution.
    C.   The leaders of the EU thought that it was unneccessary to pursue any European policy.
    D.   France, Italy and Germany are the three largest and most influential euro-zone countries.
    ★ Part II
    Notes to the Reading Passage
    1.       pan-Enropean
    pan-: 前缀:全,总,泛
    pan-African  全/泛非洲的(运动)
    pan-Enropean全/泛欧的(机构建设)
    2.       outstrip
    超越,胜过,超过,优于
    Material development outstripped human development""物质的发展超过了人类的进步"
    3.       ebb
    回落跌落;衰退或消减
    The tide is on the ebb.正在退潮。
    4.       Machiavelli
    马基雅维利,尼克尔1469-1527意大利政治理论家,他的着作君主论(1513年)阐述了一个意志坚定的统治者不顾道德观念的约束如何获得并保持其权力。
    文章中意为"任何一个人都可以看到,显而易见。。。"。
    5.       hey presto
    突然地;立即(魔术师用语)您看,变!
    6.       upshot
    结果;结局
    Part III
    Keys to the Questions 1-14
    1.      TRUE
    Explanation
    See the first sentence in Section A "Aftera period of introversion and stunned self-disbelief, continental European governments will recover their enthusiasm for pan-European institution-building in 2009".
    2.      FALSE
    Explanation
    See the third sentence in Section C "And in 2009 they were supposed to ratify a European constitution, laying the ground for yet more integration-until the calm rhythm was rudely shattered by French and Dutch voters.".
    3.      TRUE
    Explanation
    See the first sentence in the Section D "In 2009 the European Union marks the 50th anniversary of another treaty-the Treaty of Rome, its founding charter.".
    4.  FALSE
    Explanation
    See the third sentence in Section D"But it does not take a Machiavelli to spot that once governments have signed the declaration (and it seems unlikely anyone would be so uncollegiate as to veto it) they wil

, www.jiaoxue51.coml already be halfway towards committing themselves to a new treaty".
    5.      NOT GIVEN
    Explanation
    See the first sentence in Section E "According to the German government-which holds the EU's agenda-setting presidency during the first half of 2009".
    6.      TRUE
    Explanation
    See the third sentence in Section H"The British government, for one, will almost certainly not want to go with the flow, beginning yet another chapter in the long history of confrontation between Britain and the rest of Europe".
    7.      further integration
    Explanation
    See the second sentence in Section C"Every four or five years, European countries take a large stride towards further integration by signing a new treaty".
    8.      lay the ground
    Explanation
    See the third sentence in Section C "And in 2009 they were supposed to ratify a European constitution, laying the ground for yet more integration-until the calm rhythm was rudely shattered by French and Dutch voters.".
    9.      publc rejection
    Explanation
    See the third sentence in Section E"Then, according to bureaucratic planners in Brussels and Berlin, blithely ignoring the possibility of public rejection, the whole thing will be signed, sealed and a new constitution delivered in 2009--10."
    10.  bureaucratc momentum
    Explanation
    See the frst sentence in Section H "The upshot is that the politics of the three large continental countries, bureaucratic momentum and the economics of recovery will all be aligned to give a push towards integration in 2009.".
    11.  C
    Explanation
    See the last sentence in Section B "Since politics often reacts to economic change with a lag, 2009's improvement in economic growth will have its impact in 2009, though the recovery may be ebbing by then".
    12.  A
    Explanation
    See the last sentence in Section C "But the political impetus to sign something every four or five years has only been interrupted, not immobilised, by this setback."
    13 . D
    Explanation
    See the first sentence in Section D "In 2009 the European Union marks the 50th anniversary of another treaty-the Treaty of Rome, its founding charter."
    14 .B
    Explanation
    See third sentence in Section C: "And in 2009 they were supposed to ratify a European constitution

, www.jiaoxue51.com, laying the ground for yet more integration-until the calm rhythm was rudely shattered by French and Dutch voters.".


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